ISSN: 2949-401X

Vasilkov D. V., Alexandrov A. S., Golikova V. V.

Abstract. Model technological solutions for ensuring the quality of products during turning processing are proposed. A study of the workability of materials based on the ISO classification was carried out. To clarify the workability group, the MS code system was used, which allowed not only to clarify the workability group and the terms of delivery of the workpiece, but also to determine the specific cutting force. Based on the classifier-handbook, the parameters of the prefabricated cutting tool were selected and the technological modes for the prescribed processing conditions were determined. Based on the obtained specific cutting force, an algorithm for simplified determination of the cutting force is implemented. A study of the vibrations of the technological machining system was performed, which made it possible to formulate dynamic models for the system as a whole, subsystems of the workpiece and cutting tool. In relation to the dynamic model of the workpiece subsystem. The model has been simplified. A dynamic cutting characteristic was constructed, which made it possible to build an autonomous dynamic model of the technological system. In relation to this model, parameterization was performed, which made it possible to determine the stiffness coefficients of the fixed workpiece, as well as the inertia and dissipation coefficients. In relation to the selected processing conditions, the accuracy and roughness of the treated surface were checked. A study of the stability of the technological system of mechanical processing based on the algebraic Hurwitz criterion is carried out. In the general formulation, the Hurwitz determinant and stability conditions are obtained. The performed complex of calculations showed that the conditions determined by the Hurwitz stability criterion are met. This indicates that when processing in the selected modes, quiet cutting is carried out, which ensures the requirements for the quality of the product. The construction of the stability boundary can be performed in the space of variable technological parameters using the D-partitioning method or based on the R. Loeb algorithm. As a result of constructing the stability boundary in the space of variable parameters, the area of permissible technological modes is highlighted, which is the basis for solving the problem of processing control in accordance with the formed efficiency criteria. The complex of technological solutions presented in the article was deployed and implemented in relation to the turning of coating discs, as well as discs of turbines and compressors of gas turbine engines.

Keywords: technological system of mechanical processing, machinability by cutting, specific cutting force, projections of cutting force, dynamic model, parameterization, dynamic characteristic of cutting, stability of the technological system, Hurwitz stability criterion, stability boundary

For citation: Vasilkov D. V., Alexandrov A. S., Golikova V. V. Model technological solutions to ensure the quality of products during turning processing. Aerospace Engineering and Technology. 2024. Vol. 2, no. 1, pp. 106–127. DOI 10.52467/2949-401X-2024-2-1-106-127. EDN YJDTXT (In Russian)